Laboratory Tests

  • Blood glucose
  • Haemoglobin or packed cell volume in children with severe palmar pallor
  • Serum electrolytes eg; (sodium, potassium, and calcium whenever possible)

Screening for infections:-

  • Total and differential leukocyte count, blood culture
  • Urine routine examination
  • Urine culture
  • Chest x-ray
  • Mantoux test
  • Screening for HIV after counseling (only when suspected , based on history and clinical signs and symptoms)
  • Any other specific test required based on geographical location or clinical presentation e.g. Celiac Disease, malaria etc.